Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in a walnut-shaped gland prostate which is found in men. The prostate is essential for producing seminal fluid which nourishes and transports the sperm. It is one of the most common types of cancer in men. As long as it is confined to the prostate it may not cause any serious harm; however, some types of cancer spread quickly and aggressively to the adjacent organs and may require treatment. Visit the best oncologist in Kolkata for early diagnosis and treatment.
The exact reason behind the development of prostate is largely unknown. However, there are a variety of factors that can increase the chances of getting one which are:
- Genetic: Having a relative with prostate cancer can increase the chances of you getting one.
- Age: Men above 50 years of age have higher chances of developing it.
- Diet: A diet high in calcium and animal products can increase the chances of cancer.
- Obesity: Your weight can play a big role in developing prostate cancer. A healthy diet and exercise can help prevent it.
Understanding the symptoms of prostate cancer:
Prostate cancer may cause no signs or symptoms in its early stages. Hence, it remains largely undetected in the beginning stages. As cancer grows a few signs and symptoms may occur like:
- Pain in bones – There is a constant pain in the limbs and other parts of the body if cancer has spread to the bones.
- Trouble urinating- People with prostate have trouble urinating and have a weak urinary system. They may also find blood in the urine or feel a burning sensation while urinating.
- Discomfort in the pelvic area – The muscles around the pelvic area may become weak and cause discomfort to the person.
- Erectile dysfunction – Men with prostate cancer may also have difficulty getting an erection when aroused.
- Decreased force in the stream of urine – Since the muscles in and around the urinary system have weakened, it may lead to a decrease in the force of passing urine.
If you have any similar signs or symptoms, visit an oncologist in Kolkata today.
Treating Prostate Cancer:
For diagnosis of cancer, you need to first screen your prostates through Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) or Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test. It is done to indicate the anomalies in the size or texture of the gland as well as a prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or cancer. Once, cancer and the areas affected are identified further prostate cancer treatments can take place.
- Radiation Therapy:
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy to kill cancer cells.it can be delivered in two ways i.e through external beam radiation where the radiation comes outside of the body or brachytherapy where the radiation is placed inside the body.
- Hormone therapy:
Prostate cells rely on testosterone to help them grow. Hormone therapy is a treatment to stop your body from producing the male hormone testosterone. The options through which it can be done are:
- By taking medications known as luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) which stops the production of testosterone.
- Removal of testicles through surgery.
Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill rapidly growing cells, including cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be administered through a vein in your arm, in pill form or both. It can be used when cancer has spread to different parts and when other therapies don’t work.
- Biological therapy:
In biological therapy, some of our own body cells are taken and genetically engineered in a laboratory to fight the prostate cancer cells and injected back into the body.
Prostate cancer is a severe condition and requires medical attention. For any further queries related to the diagnosis or treatment of cancer, visit the best oncologist in Kolkata.