Jaipur is the main tourist destination of Rajasthan and is known as the Pink City for the colorful facades of its streets. From this Indian city, we can expect lush palaces and interesting bazaars in ancient Jaipur rich in jewels, textiles and precious stones. If our trip is in March we can observe the festival of elephants, celebrated for its aesthetic Rajputs.
The city’s airport is called Sanganer Airport and is 15 km south of downtown Jaipur. There are domestic Indian Airlines flights and some charter. There is a tourist office at the railway station.
To walk around Jaipur it is better to avoid the morning and afternoon rush hour because it is very uncomfortable. Taxis and rickshaws work by negotiating the price of the ride before getting on.
What to visit in Jaipur
The City Palace, in the center, houses the Hawa Mahal and the Jantar Mantar.
The Hawa Mahal can be visited from 9 to 14, 30. It is called the Palace of the Winds and offers its best views at sunrise. They say that its numerous windows were designed to allow courteous women to observe public processions without leaving the Palace.
The Palace city can be seen from 9 to 16 hours has been converted into a Museum (called Sawai Man Singh); surrounded by high walls is still partially inhabited by royalty. Designed by Singh today it offers samples of the textile wonders that Rajasthan has given and the objects of the Court. Few buildings will see that they are more decorated.
The Jantar Mantar is visited at the same time and is an astronomical observatory that made Singh builds. This maharaja, in his fascination with the sky, invented various gadgets for observing the sky that we can observe as the Samrat Yantra.
In the surroundings of Jaipur, we can visit the Ram Niwas gardens or get one of the best panoramic views of the region in the Nawalgarh building, designed for the retirement of the wives of the maharaja, called Maharani.
Three kilometers from the city are the Galta temples that surround a sacred lake, where humans bathe and, in a separate pond, the famous Jaipur monkeys that will delight the curious tourist.
Jaipur is a recent city: it was founded in the first half of the 18th century. Of its leader Rajputs, allies of the Mongols and then of the English said Jai Singh. This leader decided to found the city to create the new capital of his kingdom. The design of the city responded to the architectural guidelines of the Vedic texts, directed by Chakravarti and was a lightning construction that took no more than a decade. After Singh’s death, bloody succession wars followed and his empire was divided between English, Mahratta, and the Jat.
In the mid-twentieth century, Jaipur has named the capital of Rajasthan. There is an era of industrial development and the city reaches its current two million inhabitants. This rural exodus brings with it the current problems of contamination, hepatitis, and malaria that the Indian authorities are trying to control. If we go to Jaipur we can expect polluted air and many problems with water. However, for tourists, there is bottled water so it does not represent a problem on the routes used by tour operators.