According to the World Health Organization, 26 percent of the world’s total population suffers from some form of allergy. All these types of allergies such as eye, respiratory system, skin and nose only cause allergic allergies (allergic rhinitis) more than 50 percent.
Allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma are both secondary and allergic allergies of the respiratory system. There are 400 million people suffering from allergic rhinitis and 300 million people from asthma in the world and the number of patients suffering from these diseases is increasing continuously in developing and developed countries. According to the World Health Organization, by the year 2025, around 400 million people in the world will suffer from asthma, which is a matter of concern.
Every year, this disease causes economic burden of 30 to 40 lakh workdays and school loss of 10 lakh days of children every year. Allergic rhinitis ranks among the first 10 diseases causing chronic disability according to the World Health Organization. In this way, allergic rhinitis causes disruption in our everyday lives.
What does allergy mean?
When harmful, harmful things such as germs (bacteria or viruses) attack your body, the immune system also recognizes and attacks its enemy. But sometimes your immune system makes a mistake in identifying the enemy. He often reacts to normal things like dust, soil, animal hair, pollen of plants, even some special food items. We call this reaction allergic.
Allergies show their wrong effects on many parts of your body like skin, eyes and nose. If its effect directly attacks the nose, then you have frequent sneezing, runny nose, blocked nose or itchy nose. These are symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
What causes allergic rhinitis?
Some things can cause allergic rhinitis known as allergens, such as-
* House dust.
* Pollen particles of trees and grasses.
* Hair or fibers of the animal.
* Any type or elements of smoke, dust or pollution.
Food, such as eggs, milk, pulses etc.
Is it allergic rhinitis or common cold?
We know that allergens are caused by allergic rhinitis, whereas germs are the cause of the common cold. Both of these cause you to sneeze, your nose gets runny or blocked, or you feel itchy nose. But there are some symptoms that tell you how to find the difference between the two. It can be allergic rhinitis, if …
* If you do not have fever or body pain (muscle pain).
* If the stool in your nose remains clean and flowing, not yellow, green and thick.
* If you sneeze multiple times together.
* If you feel itching in your nose, ears, and throat.
* If water flows from your eyes.
* If this type of problem persists for a longer time than the common cold and cold.
Although allergic rhinitis is not fatal, it can definitely cause blockage in your continuous good life. This disrupts sleep and adversely affects schooling and office work.
Now you only think that every time you will be troubled by constant sneezing, then how can you live a better life? Not only this, if it is not treated, then allergic rhinitis can be caused or accompanied by other diseases, such as-
Due to inflammation in the skin inside the nose, lumps are formed in it which are called nasal polyps. These polyps can be so large that they close the nose and cause trouble in breathing.
There are empty spaces around the bones of the nose called cyanus. In these sessions, feces are collected. It contains germs of the disease. This may cause heaviness and headache in the head.
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis such as swelling, itching, and watery persistence can lead to asthma in the long run. This can cause difficulty in breathing.
Conjunctivitis is the upper layer of the white part of the eye. An allergy to conjunctivitis is called conjunctivitis. Due to allergies, swelling of the eyes, red eyes, itching and watering of the eyes start.
Symptoms of the common cold and cold and allergic rhinitis are similar. Such people have a habit of buying syrup or antibiotics for colds without consulting the doctor, while the best treatment for allergic rhinitis is that you visit a doctor so that you will be treated after the doctor examines you. Guidance can be given for the right treatment.
Avoiding allergic rhinitis
Try to stay as far away from the allergens around you as you can.
* Stay away from hairy animals. If you have a pet here, keep it outside the bedroom.
* Always wash and clean your home curtains, sheets, carpets, and toys.
* If possible, wash your pillow and mattress cover by boiling it regularly in hot water and keep it clean.
* If you have a vacuum cleaner at home, then it would be better to use a vacuum cleaner. Clean the furniture and floor with a wet cloth, because these methods clean dust better than a broom.
* If there is fungus or moss frozen on the walls of your house, keep it clean with the use of bleach.
* Do not smoke nor let others do it in your house.
Allergic rhinitis: treatment
Anti-histaminic drugs and nasal sprays give temporary relief to allergic rhinitis but are not effective in removing the disease from its roots and also have some side effects.
The Allergy Test (Modified Prec Test) is the most suitable test for diagnosis of nasal allergens so that within a few minutes, the allergens are detected without pain, without discomfort, even without a drop of blood. This test is also economical and reliable. Once the nasal allergy is detected then treatment is very simple and if it is not possible to stay away from these factors then painless injections of subcutaneous immunotherapy validated and performed by the World Health Organization or sublingual immunotherapy form drops below the tongue Use of medicine is very beneficial. This treatment is long but simple and economical. At the same time, its side effects are not equal. There are 60 to 70 percent satisfactory long-term results of this method for the nose and respiratory system allergies.